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Federalism by Jill CottrellFederalism Issues in Designing a Federal System by Jill Cottrell in english language Download Powerpoint file Read more

संघीय प्रणाली प्रारुपका सवालहरुFederalism Issues in Designing a Federal System by Jill Cottrell in Nepali language Read more

Durban C.Review. 2009

Durban C.Review. 2009

Durban Review Conference 2009

1.1. Background
Nepal, with a population of approximately 26 million, is one of the poorest countries in Asia, ranked by the UN at 145 out of 179 countries on the Human Development Index. For almost a decade (1996-2006) it was affected by armed conflict. Since the Jana Andolan (people’s movement) of 2006, restoration of democracy and peace process, many things have changed. An interim government was appointed following the peace agreement. In April 2008, a Constituent
Assembly was elected; the country has become a secular republic rather than a Hindu kingdom and the process of drafting a new constitution is underway. However, whilst the human rights situation improved dramatically after the end of the conflict, many serious human rights concerns still need to be addressed, including the issue of discrimination. Discrimination in Nepal has had little international exposure; there have, so far, been no visits to the country by the Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance. Some progress has been made with regards to changing of attitudes, amendment and implementation of legislation and development of institutions, but much remains to be done in order to eliminate discrimination and guaranteeing equal enjoyment of all rights. The Durban Review Conference (DRC) 2009 presents a great opportunity for Nepal and Nepalese Civil society to both influence and be influenced by the international human rights agenda.

1.2. Introduction
The common report of Nepalese civil society was developed through the joint efforts of a wide range of Nepalese civil society organisations representing indigenous peoples, Dalits, sexual and religious minorities (Muslims) and Madheshis, over a period of four months. It is essential to note the active contribution of women representatives from these organisations who have played an immense role in preparation of this report.

Nepalese civil society undertook the process of drafting a report to the DRC with great enthusiasm. In the initial stages, a “Coordination Committee of Nepalese Civil Society for the DRC” was created that resulted in a forum where the different groups came together to discuss issues of exclusion, inequality, marginalization and discrimination that they have been facing and at which they decided to draft a common report for the DRC, rather than separate reports.

The reason for taking this approach is two fold; firstly it is important that an inclusive approach is taken on issues of discrimination, thus ensuring that the removal of discrimination for one group is not at the expense of another and, secondly, some issues are relevant to all marginalised groups, for instance the effective domestication, implementation and monitoring of international treaties and laws.

The main organizations who have been involved in putting this report together are: Jana Utthan Pratisthan (JUP-Nepal), Dalit NGO Federation (DNF), Nepal National Dalit Social Welfare Organization (NNDSWO), Dalit Welfare Association (DWA), Feminist Dalit Organization (FEDO), Jagaran Media Centre (JMC), Blue Diomond Society (BDS), National Network of Indigenous Women–NNIW, NGO Federation of Nepalese Indigenous Nationalities (NGO FONIN)-Nepal, Nepal Muslim Women Welfare Society, JAGHRIT- Nepal, Dalit Welfare Organizations (DWO), National Indigenous Women’s Federation (NIWF-Nepal) and Rastriya Dalit Network (RDN) Nepal. The opinions reflected in the report are solely those of the civil society organizations who drafted the different chapters.

This report contains five main chapters. Each chapter provides insights into the current situation of the respective communities in Nepal, implementation status of the DDPA, critical area of concerns, gaps and weaknesses, and recommendations designed to strengthen the Durban Outcome Document in respect of that group’s particular issues.

Each chapter was prepared through broad consultation within and among the concerned stakeholders. The final draft report in which all five chapters were compiled was presented and discussed at a workshop, in which a broad range of civil society organizations participated, as well as media organizations, Government authorities, representatives of political parties and the judicial

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal (OHCHR-Nepal) provided technical and financial support for the preparation of the report as well as for the organization of side events to the DRC. The Office has also supported civil society to obtain accreditation and funding to participate in the DRC. OHCHR-Geneva facilitated the travel of some organizations who are part of the Coordination Committee.

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