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Federalism by Jill CottrellFederalism Issues in Designing a Federal System by Jill Cottrell in english language Download Powerpoint file Read more

संघीय प्रणाली प्रारुपका सवालहरुFederalism Issues in Designing a Federal System by Jill Cottrell in Nepali language Read more



The stronghold of the Thakalis is Thak Khola in Mustang District. They have their own language, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family, and is similar to Gurung (Tamu) and Tamang languages. Thakalis have four major clans - Chhyoki (Gauchan), Salki (Tulachan), Dhimchen (Sherchan), and Bhurki (Bhattachan) - Lha Phewa is a major festival of the Thakalis, which is renowned as a 12-year cyclic fair. Thakalis adhere both to Bon and Buddhism. Their Toranlha festival coincides with the Fagu Purnima. The Thakalis' number, according to Census 2001, 13,731. They are renowned as a mercantile community.

ImageThe indigenous nationalities dwelling in Thasang or Thak Sat Sae religion or Thak Khola of the southern part of Mustang district are called Thakalis. Known by the generic term, ‘Thakali’, the Tamang (Tamhang) Thakalis include Chhayogi, Salgi, Dhimchan and Bhurgi, who are from the very beginning of the twelfth century known by clan names such as Gauchan, Tulachan, Sherchan and Bhattachan (Vinding, 1998:3777). They have today scattered from the thirteen villages of their traditional home of Thasang to more than a dozen places like Butwal, Nepalgunj, Dhangadhi, Tamghas (Gulmi), Baglung, Beni, Bhairahawa, Jomsom, Pokhara, Chitwan, Kathmandu, etc. The census taken by Thakali Sewa Samiti of Gauchan, Tulachan, Sherchan, Bhattachan in 1995 records the number of Thakalis at 7,882 (Thakali Sewa Samiti, BS2051). According to the census of 2001, the population of Thakalis is 12,973. This figure is less by 758 than their population figure of 1991 census.

Thakalis have a language of their own. It belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family of languages. This language is similar to the languages of Tamang, Gurung and Chhantyals. Thakali are a culturally, educationally and economically advanced ethnic group. Dhom (Jhankri) performs the christening of a newborn. Like in many other indigenous peoples and nationalities, the maternal uncle has a prominent role in the first haircut of a child. Thakalis have a traditional marriage rite called Haji or marriage by capture in which the boy captures the girl he loves with her consent when she comes out of her house, say, to fetch water. He does so with the assistance of his friends and later completes the formalities (Bhattachan, BS2056). Nowadays both marriage by asking and marriage by choice are in vogue and cross-cousin marriage is allowed. Death rites are performed through Dhom method if available and if not available through Lama method. Thakalis have converted from Bon religion to Buddhism. Toranla Lho Fev and Lho Chhob are their main festivals.

Thakalis have an ancient political, judicial, social and economic institution which implements the rules, laws and regulations made by the thirteen Mukhiyas (chieftains) of the thirteen thasang villages of Thakalis. It settles disputes relating to petty quarrels, theft, robbery and other cases, protects forests and controls social evils and promotes customs like Dhukor (Bhattachan, BS2056).
Although the traditional occupations of Thakalis are agriculture and animal husbandry, they are famous today for trade and business. Their success stories in the economic field are illustrious and worth imitating by all.

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